The stakeholders in an oiled wildlife incident are defined here as the bodies and organisations that  play a key role in the response to such an event.

In a well-prepared country, these stakeholders are pre-identified and together they have agreed to a dedicated oiled wildlife response plan. Key individuals are trained and the plan is exercised regularly.

In a less well-prepared country, the various stakeholders have to agree their roles and contributions in the early aftermath of an incident. This is often difficult in the midst of an oil spill incident.