Iron Baron

Source of pollution: 
non-tanker
Animals affected
Over 2,100 animals were treated. 95% were little penguins, who had a survival rate of about 97%. However, overall penguin death estimates run in the tens of thousands as one-third of two important penguin colonies were wiped out.
Some marine mammals were seen coated in oil but none were captured for treatment. It is suspected that heavily oiled mammals did not survive.
Species affected: 
little penguin, black swan, oystercatchers, cormorants, pelicans

On 10 July 1995, the bulk carrier Iron Baron ran aground on Hebe Reef in Bass Strait, just outside of the Tamar estuary, after being blown 1.5 nautical miles off-course. The ship's fuel tanks ruptured spilling most of the 550 tonnes within a short time. Cleanup efforts recovered an estimated 48 tonnes of oil.

Amount and type of oiled spilled: 
An estimated 500 tonnes bunker oil
Wildlife Response: 

Parks and Wildlife Officers, local veterinarians and international responders, including International Bird Rescue responded